Music
6:07 am
Sat April 26, 2014

A Millionaire Saves The Silenced Symphonies Of Pakistan

Originally published on Sat April 26, 2014 9:30 am

The city street where Sachal Studios is located looks like any other in Lahore, Pakistan. There are tea stalls and rickshaws and grimy car repair shops.

But it doesn't quite sound the same — or more precisely, there's a sound that Pakistanis have begun to forget.

Inside Sachal Studios, an orchestra is in rehearsal. The musicians are all men. Most are old enough to be grandfathers.

Their skills were going out of fashion in Pakistan. Now, they're winning applause worldwide.

Welcome To Lollywood

A few decades back, Lahore had a booming film industry. Inevitably, it was known as Lollywood.

"This was like a magic age that fell apart," says Aqeel Anwar, a violinist in his 70s. He used to play in Lollywood soundtracks. "It was such an excellent time. I never thought it would end."

For many years, South Asian movies kept Lahore's session musicians pretty busy. And the Lollywood musicians were a class apart.

"In Punjab here in Pakistan, music is usually practiced by traditional musicians' families," says Mushtaq Soofi, a music producer. "They inherit it, they learn it from their parents and then transmit to the next generation."

Things started to change in the late '70s. General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq seized power in a coup, ushering in a period of religious conservatism in Pakistan that lingers to this day.

Movie theaters began to shut down. Lollywood went into decline.

Ghulam Abbas played cello in the movies. When the work dried up, he packed away his instrument and broke with tradition by deciding not to teach his children how to play. He started up a garment stall, but struggled to get by.

"When I left this work, I was very sad," Abbas says. "I thought about how I'd worked hard and invested 25 to 30 years in my music."

Now, Abbas is sawing away at the cello again — though some of the music isn't exactly what he's used to.

Bringing Back The Music

The reason Abbas is playing again is a music-mad millionaire. Izzat Majeed made his money overseas, in finance. But he was born in Lahore in 1950, remembers Lollywood's heyday and greatly admires its musicians.

"It was a brotherhood of great musicians," Majeed says. "I call them great because they are great and they lost it. They lost the avenue. They lost the money. They lost the creativity."

Majeed decided to rekindle that creativity by building a new studio complex in Lahore — and reuniting these men to form the Sachal Studios Orchestra.

He teamed up with the music producer Mushtaq Soofi, an old friend. Soofi says he remembers the first day the musicians played together.

"They were delighted and we were delighted, too," Soofi says. "Because we thought the music was dead, but when we met them, we realized it's not really dead."

Izzat Majeed says he's driven by a lifelong passion for music — especially traditional Pakistani music and jazz.

"Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Brubeck, Quincy [Jones]," he says. "I can go on and on."

When he was 8, Majeed was taken by his dad to see Dave Brubeck perform in Lahore. Brubeck's version of the classic "Take Five" seems to have made a big impression on the city.

"'Take Five' was a big hit in Lahore in the '60s," Majeed says. "Nobody knew what it was. It was just a melody and the whole thing. It was just a phenomenal, a fantastic piece of music."

Lahore was different back then.

"Even the tea boys and tea shacks put it on," he says. "First time I heard it [was] in the streets, coming out of a shop."

Majeed decided, a couple of years ago, that the orchestra should have a crack at "Take Five." Its version has a South Asian twist. Majeed posted it online, and it went viral. Brubeck, who was still alive at the time, even sent a note saying how much he loved it.

Home And Away

It's not easy running an orchestra in Pakistan. Some skills do seem to have vanished, Majeed says.

"I can't find a single piano player in Lahore, maybe in Pakistan, a real piano player," Majeed says. "People come and say, 'Oh, I can play,' but he can play atrociously — he doesn't know what the piano, the real piano, is. There's no brass left. Brass is dead."

When Sachal musicians go on tour abroad — to, say, London or New York — they hook up with outside musicians. That includes some big names, among them Wynton Marsalis and the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra.

The studio orchestra is now firmly on the map.

It recently released its second album, Jazz and All That. There's more Brubeck, among other Western classics by The Beatles, Jacques Brel, Antonio Carlos Jobim, R.E.M. — all with a South Asian flavor.

The weird thing is, Mushtaq Soofi says, while the old Lollywood session men are now winning plaudits abroad, no one back home knows or cares much about them.

"Music has to be recognized, and there is no patronage for music in Pakistan," Soofi says. "That is why people are upset, musicians are upset. If you sing, if you are a singer or a vocalist, you get kind of fame and name and money, but if you are a musician, a pure musician, people don't bother much about you."

The only people who do bother about you tend to be the religious extremists, like the Taliban.

"It is very difficult for musicians, because music is considered forbidden because it is un-Islamic," cellist Ghulam Abbas says. "Yet the same people think it is acceptable to kill people."

Be that as it may, Abbas says he isn't planning to hang up his cello again.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

Here's something we'd like you to hear.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA SONG, "PINK PANTHER THEME")

SIMON: You might recognize that's Henry Mancini's "Pink Panther Theme," a unique version, you'd probably agree. Those musicians are from Pakistan.

NPR's Philip Reeves went to meet them in the city of Lahore to find out more about their story.

PHILIP REEVES, BYLINE: This city street looks like any other in Pakistan, but it doesn't quite sound the same.

(SOUNDBITE OF ORCHESTRA)

REEVES: Hear that? Wafting along the street, past the tea stalls and rickshaws and grimy car repair shops is a sound that folk here have begun to forget. An orchestra is in rehearsal.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Ek, do, teen, chahar.

(SOUNDBITE OF ORCHESTRA)

REEVES: The musicians in this studio are all men. Most are old enough to be grandfathers. Their skills were going out of fashion in Pakistan. Now, they're winning applause worldwide.

A few decades back, Lahore had a booming movie industry, known inevitably as Lollywood. Aqeel Anwar, a violinist in his '70s, used to play in Lollywood soundtracks.

AQUEEL ANWAR: (Through translator) This was like a magic age that fell apart. It was such an excellent time. I never thought it would end.

REEVES: South Asian movies are all about music.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "KOKO KORINA")

AHMED RUSHDI: (Singing in foreign language).

REEVES: For many years, they kept Lahore's session musicians pretty busy. Music producer Mushtaq Soofi remembers the Lollywood musicians were a kind of class apart.

MUSHTAQ SOOFI: In Punjab here in Pakistan, music is usually practiced by traditional musicians' families. They inherit it. They learn it from their parents and then transmit to the next generation.

REEVES: Things started to go wrong the late '70s. General Zia ul-Haq seized power in a coup, ushering in a period of religious conservatism in Pakistan that lingers to this day. Movie theaters began to shut down. Lollywood went into decline.

(SOUNDBITE OF CELLO)

REEVES: Ghulam Abbas played cello in the movies. When the work dried up, he packed away his instrument and broke with tradition by deciding not to teach his children how to play.

GHULAM ABBAS: (Through translator) When I left this work, I was very sad. I thought about how I worked hard and invested 25 to 30 years in my music.

REEVES: Abbas started up a garment store, but struggled to get by. Now, Abbas is storing away at the cello again, though some of the music isn't exactly what he's used to.

(SOUNDBITE OF GHULAM ABBAS SONG, "TAKE FIVE")

REEVES: Recognize that? We'll get back to that in a minute. The reason Abbas is playing again is because of a music-mad millionaire. Izzat Majeed made his money overseas in finance. He was born in Lahore in 1950, remembers Lollywood's heyday and greatly admires its musicians.

IZZAT MAJEED: You know, it was a brotherhood of great musicians. We called them great because they are great, and they lost it. They lost the avenue. They lost the money. They lost the creativity.

REEVES: Majeed decided to re-kindle that creativity by building a new studio complex in Lahore and reuniting these men to form the Sachal Studios Orchestra. He teamed up with the music producer Mushtaq Soofi, an old friend. Soofi remembers the first day the musicians played together.

SOOFI: They were delighted, and we were delighted, too, because we thought the music was dead. But when we met them, we realized it's not really dead.

REEVES: Izzat Majeed, the millionaire, says he's driven by lifelong passion for music, especially traditional Pakistani music and also jazz.

MAJEED: You can have Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Miles Davis, Brubeck, Quincy. I can go on and on.

(SOUNDBITE OF DAVE BRUBECK SONG, "TAKE FIVE")

REEVES: When he was only 8, Majeed was taken by his dad to see Dave Brubeck perform in Lahore. Brubeck's version of the classic "Take Five" seems to have made a big impression on the city.

MAJEED: "Take Five" was a big hit in Lahore in the '60s. Nobody knew what it was. It was just the melody, and the whole thing, I mean, it was just a phenomenal and fantastic piece of music.

REEVES: Lahore was different back then.

MAJEED: Even the tea boys, with the tea pots and tea shacks, put it on.

REEVES: So you were hearing it in the street?

MAJEED: First time I heard it in the street, coming out of a shop. I don't know what - it wasn't a tea store, but it came out of a shop.

REEVES: Majeed decided a couple of years ago that the orchestra should have a crack at "Take Five." Their version has a South Asian twist.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA SONG, "TAKE FIVE")

REEVES: Majeed posted it on the Internet, and it went viral. Brubeck, who was still alive at the time, sent him a note saying how much he loved it.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA SONG, "TAKE FIVE")

REEVES: It's not easy running in orchestra in Pakistan. Some skills do seem to have vanished, says Majeed.

MAJEED: I can't find a single piano player in Lahore - maybe in Pakistan - a real piano player. People come and say, oh, I can play. But he can play atrociously. He doesn't know what it is or what a piano is. There's no brass left. Brass is dead.

REEVES: When the Sachal musicians go on international tour to, say, London or New York, they hook up with outside musicians, including some big names, among them Wynton Marsalis.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA SONG, "BLUE RONDO A LA TURK")

REEVES: The studio orchestra is now firmly on the map. It recently released its second album, containing some Brubeck and some Western classics...

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA SONG, "ELEANOR RIGBY")

REEVES: ...All with an Eastern flavor. The weird thing is that while the old Lollywood session men are winning plaudits abroad, no one back home really knows or cares much about them, says Mushtaq Soofi.

SOOFI: Music has to be recognized, and there is no patronage for music in Pakistan. That is why people are upset, musicians are upset. If you sing, if you are a singer or vocalist, you get kind of fame and name and money. But if you are musician, a pure musician, people don't bother much about you.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA REHEARSAL)

REEVES: The only people who do bother about you tend to be the religious extremists, like the Taliban. Cellist Ghulam Abbas again.

ABBAS: (Through translator) It is very difficult for musicians. Music is considered forbidden because it is un-Islamic. Yet the same people think it is acceptable to kill people.

(SOUNDBITE OF SACHAL STUDIOS ORCHESTRA REHEARSAL)

REEVES: Be that as it may, Abbas says he is not planning to give up his cello again.

Philip Reeves, NPR News.

SIMON: Bravo. This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.